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What is Sculpture Art

Sculpture is a branch of visual arts that works in three dimensions. It is one of the most important arts in plastic. The original methods for durable sculptural processes were to remove material and then model it. However, Modernism has allowed almost unlimited freedom in materials and process. You can work with a wide range of materials by removing them, welding, modelling, moulding, or casting.

Stone sculpture is more durable than art made from perishable materials. It often includes the majority of surviving works from ancient cultures. However, wood sculpture traditions may have disappeared almost completely. But, the majority of ancient sculpture was brightly carved, and this is now lost.

Sculpture Art Techniques


Carving is a technique for creating sculptural forms by using tools to cut or scrape away a solid material like stone, wood or ivory.


Casting is the process of making a mold and pouring liquid materials into it. This process creates a cast. The artist models a form in clay, wax, or plaster to create many sculptures. The artist then creates a mold to cast the sculpture. Artists can create multiple editions by casting a mold more than once.


Modeling is an additive process. The artist uses a soft material to create a form or shape, rather than cutting or removing material as in carving. Soft materials like clay and wax, unlike carving can be modified and reworked. Modeling a maquette is often the first step to creating a finished sculpture.

Sculpture Art Purpose

A sculpture’s most common purpose is to be associated with religion. Although cult images are common across many cultures, they are not often as large-scale statues of deities that characterize ancient Greek art like the Statue of Zeus in Olympia. Evidently, the actual cult images found in the temple’s innermost sanctuaries were small even for the largest temples. This is also true for Hinduism where the lingam’s most popular and simple form is the lingam. The East Asian region of Buddhism introduced the art of sculptures representing religious figures. However, simple shapes such as the cong and bi may have had religious meaning.

The use of small sculptures in personal possessions dates back to prehistoric art. However, the use of large sculptures as public art to impress the viewer with power of rulers goes back at most to the Great Sphinx, which was around 4,500 years old. Archaeology and art history consider large or monumental sculptures in a culture to be of great importance. However, it is difficult to trace their origins due to the presumption of wood sculptures and other perishable materials.

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